Kinship analysis of human remains from the Sargat mounds, Baraba forest-steppe, western Siberia

A. S. Pilipenko, S. V. Cherdantsev, R. O. Trapezov, V. I. Molodin, L. S. Kobeleva, D. V. Pozdnyakov, N. V. Polosmak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We present the results of a paleogenetic analysis of nine individuals from two Early Iron Age mounds in the Baraba forest-steppe, associated with the Sargat culture (five from Pogorelka-2, mound 8, and four from Vengerovo-6, mound 1). Four sys tems of genetic markers were analyzed: mitochondrial DNA, the polymorphic part of the amel ogenin gene, the auto somal STR-loci, and the STR-loci of the Y-chromosome. Complete or partial data, obtained for eight of the nine individuals, were subjected to kinship analysis. No direct relatives of the "parent-child" type were detected. However, the data indicate close paternal and maternal kinship among certain individuals. This was evidently one of the reasons why certain individuals were buried in a single mound. Paternal kinship appears to have been of greater importance. The diversity of mtDNA and Y-chromosome lineages among individuals from one and the same mound suggests that kinship was not the only motive behind burying the deceased people jointly. The presence of very similar, though not identical, variants of the Y-chromosome in different burial grounds may indicate the existence of groups such as clans, consisting of paternally related males. Our conclusions need further confirmation and detailed elaboration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-142
Number of pages11
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Ancient DNA
  • Baraba forest-steppe
  • Early Iron Age
  • Kinship analysis
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Paleogenetics
  • Sargat culture
  • STRloci
  • Uniparental genetic markers
  • Y-chromosome
  • uniparental genetic markers
  • STR-loci
  • kinship analysis
  • mitochondrial DNA
  • ancient DNA

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