The results obtained by the authors and literature data on the methods of preparation, properties, and the use of ionic liquids with fluorine-containing anions are reviewed. The dependences of the physicochemical and hydrodynamic properties of the ionic liquids on the structure of the anionic fragment, interactions between the cation and anion, and inter molecular interactions in a ionic liquid medium are considered. The effects of the ionic liquid structure on the solubility of gaseous substance in it and on the mutual solubility of the ionic liquid, water, and organic compounds are analyzed.
- fluorine-containing anions
- functional materials
- ionic liquids
- organofluorine compounds
- structure—property relationship