The sublimation and van der Waals (vdW) epitaxy on Bi2Se3(0001) surface have been first visualized using in situ reflection electron microscopy. When Bi2Se3(0001) surface was exposed to a Se molecular beam (up to 0.1 nm/s) and heated to ∼400 C, we observed ascending motion of atomic steps corresponding to congruent Bi2Se3 sublimation. During the sublimation, grooves made by probe lithography act as sources of atomic steps: groove depth increases and generates atomic steps that move in the ascending direction away from the source. We used this phenomenon to create self-organized regularly-spaced zigzag atomic steps having 1 nm height on the Bi2Se3(0001) surface. The deposition of Bi (up to ∼0.01 nm/s) onto the Bi2Se3(0001) surface at constant Se flux (up to ∼0.1 nm/s) reversed the direction of the step flow, and vdW epitaxy was observed. The deposition of In and Se onto the Bi2Se3(0001) surface at ∼400 C led to the epitaxial growth of layered In2Se3. This vdW heteroepitaxy started with 2D island nucleation and, after 3-5 nm growth, continued with a screw-dislocation-driven formation of 3D islands. Ex situ Raman scattering measurements have shown that the grown 20-nm-thick In2Se3 film exhibits vibrational modes that originate from the β-In2Se3 crystal phase.
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - 13 Sep 2021|
|Event||SPb Photonic, Optoelectronic and Electronic Materials, SPb-POEM 2021 - Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation|
Duration: 25 May 2021 → 28 May 2021
- 1.03 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ASTRONOMY