IgGs-abzymes from the sera of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus hydrolyzed miRNAs

Evgeny A. Ermakov, Evelina M. Kabirova, Alexey E. Sizikov, Valentina N. Buneva, Georgy A. Nevinsky

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Background and Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory disease. The sera of SLE patients contain antibodies-abzymes hydrolyzing myelin basic protein (MBP), DNA, nucleotides, and oligosaccharides. The blood of SLE patients contains an increased amount of some specific miRNAs. This study aimed to analyze a possible hydrolysis of eight microRNAs found in the blood of SLE patients with high frequency by blood antibodies-abzymes. Patients and Methods: Using affinity chromatography of the serum proteins of SLE patients and healthy donors on protein G-Sepharose and following FPLC gel filtration, electrophoretically homogeneous IgG preparations containing no impurities of canonical RNases were obtained. These preparations were used to analyze their activity in the hydrolysis of eight miRNAs. Results: It was shown that SLE IgGs hydrolyze very efficiently four neuroregulatory miRNAs (miR-219-2-3p, miR-137, miR-219a-5p, and miR-9-5p) and four immunoregulatory miRNAs (miR-326, miR-21-3p, miR-155-5p, and miR-146a-3p). To demonstrate that the miRNAs hydrolysis is an intrinsic property of SLE IgGs, several rigid criteria were checked. Only some IgGs of healthy donors showed very weak, but reliably detectable activity in the hydrolysis miRNAs. The average activity of SLE patients IgGs according to median values is statistically significant 84.8-fold higher than that of healthy donors. The maximum and comparable average activity (RA) was observed in the hydrolysis of three miRAs: miR-9-5p, miR-155-5p, and miR-326. MiR-9-5p plays an important role in the development of lupus nephritis, while miR-326 activates the production of antibodies by B cells. The major and moderate specific sites of the hydrolysis of each miRNA were revealed. The hydrolysis of eight microRNAs was mostly site specific. Several SLE IgGs hydrolyzed some miRNAs demonstrating a combination of site-specific and non-specific splitting. Conclusion: Since inflammatory processes in SLE are associated with the change in miRNAs expression, the decrease in their concentration due to hydrolysis by autoantibodies-abzymes may be important for SLE pathogenesis.

Translated title of the contributionIgG-абзимы из сыворотки пациентов с системной красной волчанкой гидролизуют miRNAs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-699
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Inflammation Research
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Autoimmune and inflammatory reactions
  • IgG-abzymes
  • MiRNA hydrolysis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • RNA
  • autoimmune and inflammatory reactions
  • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • DNA
  • miRNA hydrolysis
  • MICE


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