The regularities of the electron energy dissipation found in the subsurface atomic layer are valid in the bulk of a solid, too. On the example of model graphite-based materials it is shown that energy losses in X-ray photoelectron spectra agree with the calculated valence electron excitation spectra in analogous unit cells. The control of conjugate electron transitions opens the way to gain new data on the geometry, character, and order of bonding between atoms in the sample by the conventional electron spectroscopy and quantum chemistry methods.
- conjugate electron transitions
- density of states
- electron spectroscopy
- inelastic electron scattering