High-pressure phase transitions of anorthosite crust in the Earth's deep mantle

Masayuki Nishi, Steeve Gréaux, Shigehiko Tateno, Yasuhiro Kuwayama, Kenji Kawai, Tetsuo Irifune, Shigenori Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated phase relations, mineral chemistry, and density of lunar highland anorthosite at conditions up to 125 GPa and 2000 K. We used a multi-anvil apparatus and a laser-heated diamond-anvil cell for this purpose. In-situ X-ray diffraction measurements at high pressures and composition analysis of recovered samples using an analytical transmission electron microscope showed that anorthosite consists of garnet, CaAl4Si2O11-rich phase (CAS phase), and SiO2 phases in the upper mantle and the mantle transition zone. Under lower mantle conditions, these minerals transform to the assemblage of bridgmanite, Ca-perovskite, corundum, stishovite, and calcium ferrite-type aluminous phase through the decomposition of garnet and CAS phase at around 700 km depth. Anorthosite has a higher density than PREM and pyrolite in the upper mantle, while its density becomes comparable or lower under lower mantle conditions. Our results suggest that ancient anorthosite crust subducted down to the deep mantle was likely to have accumulated at 660-720 km depth without coming back to the Earth's surface. Some portions of the anorthosite crust might have circulated continuously in the Earth's deep interior by mantle convection and potentially subducted to the bottom of the lower mantle when carried within layers of dense basaltic rocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1859-1870
Number of pages12
JournalGeoscience Frontiers
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Anorthosite
  • Diamond-anvil cell
  • Mantle dynamics
  • Multi-anvil apparatus
  • Phase transformation
  • SYSTEM
  • HIGH-TEMPERATURE
  • GARNET
  • SUBDUCTION
  • X-RAY-DIFFRACTION
  • THERMAL EQUATION
  • CONTINENTAL-CRUST
  • EQUATION-OF-STATE
  • SOLID-SOLUTION
  • GPA

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