## Abstract

The famous Toms effect (1948) consists of a substantial increase of the critical Reynolds number when a small amount of soluble polymer is introduced into water. The most noticeable influence of polymer additives is manifested in the boundary layer near solid surfaces. The task includes the ratio of two characteristic length scales, one of which is the Prandtl scale, and the other is defined as the square root of the normalized coefficient of relaxation viscosity (Frolovskaya and Pukhnachev, 2018) and does not depend on the characteristics of the motion. In the limit case, when the ratio of these two scales tends to zero, the equations of the boundary layer are exactly integrated. One of the goals of the present paper is group analysis of the boundary layer equations in two mathematical models of the flow of aqueous polymer solutions: the second grade fluid (Rivlin and Ericksen, 1955) and the Pavlovskii model (1971). The equations of the plane non-stationary boundary layer in the Pavlovskii model are studied in more details. The equations contain an arbitrary function depending on the longitudinal coordinate and time. This function sets the pressure gradient of the external flow. The problem of group classification with respect to this function is analyzed. All functions for which there is an extension of the kernels of admitted Lie groups are found. Among the invariant solutions of the new model of the boundary layer, a special place is taken by the solution of the stationary problem of flow around a rectilinear plate.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 1084 |

Number of pages | 20 |

Journal | Symmetry |

Volume | 12 |

Issue number | 7 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jul 2020 |

## Keywords

- Admitted lie group
- Boundary layer equations
- Invariant solution
- Symmetry
- invariant solution
- boundary layer equations
- MOTION
- admitted Lie group
- symmetry
- SOLVABILITY
- FLOW