Graviton-photon mixing

Damian Ejlli, Venugopal R. Thandlam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In the era of gravitational wave (GW) detection from astrophysical sources by LIGO/VIRGO, it is of great importance to take the quantum gravity effect of graviton-photon (GRAPH) mixing in the cosmic magnetic field to the next level. In this work, we study such an effect and derive for the first time perturbative solutions of the linearized equations of motions of the GRAPH mixing in an expanding universe. In our formalism we take into account all known standard dispersive and coherence breaking effects of photons such as the Faraday effect, the Cotton-Mouton effect, and the plasma effects in the cosmic magnetic field. Our formalism applies to a cosmic magnetic field either a uniform or a slowly varying nonhomogeneous field of spacetime coordinates with an arbitrary field direction. For binary systems of astrophysical sources of GWs at extragalactic distances with chirp masses MCH of a few solar masses, GW present-day frequencies ν0≃50-700 Hz, and present-day cosmic magnetic field amplitudes B0≃10-10-10-6 G, the power of electromagnetic radiation generated in the GRAPH mixing at present is substantial and in the range Pγ≃106-1015 (erg/s). On the other hand, the associated power flux Fγ is quite faint depending on the source distance with respect to the Earth. Since in the GRAPH mixing the velocities of photons and gravitons are preserved and are equal, this effect is the only one known to us, whose certainty of the contemporary arrival of GWs and electromagnetic radiation at the detector is guaranteed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044022
Number of pages18
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2019




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