An original technique is developed for spectral broadening of femtosecond pulses with compensation for the nonlinear spatial phase during the propagation through nonlinear media with effective cubic nonlinearity of different signs. It was shown that in the region of 1.5 μm, the proposed scheme with BBO crystals at the first stage and NaCl at the second stage allows, using chirped mirrors, the formation of few-cycle pulses of about 7 fs duration with a small B-integral. The possibility of focusing of pulses compressed in the proposed scheme with a large Strehl ratio is demonstrated.
- few-cycle pulses
- nonlinear compression
- cubic nonlinearity
- negative cascaded quadratic nonlinearity
- multi-element spectral broadening
- Strehl ratio