Fast determination of tsunami source parameters

Mikhail Lavrentiev, Dmitry Kuzakov, Andrey Marchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Source parameters of tsunami waves are an essential part of any modern tsunami warning system. Recalculation of a measured time series (wave profile obtained by a seabed-based pressure sensor) in terms of initial sea surface displacement at tsunami source is among the most (or) one of the promising approaches to be applied in a warning center. The “orthogonal decomposition”, that was proposed and studied earlier by the authors, is numerically studied here. Realistic shape of sea surface displacement and digital bathymetry of the southern part of Japan are used. To study functionality of the proposed approach, wave profiles are obtained by the sensors of DONET – Dense Oceanfloor Network system for Earthquakes and Tsunamis – pressure gauge network of Japan. We stress on the quality of tsunami source parameters reconstruction as well as on time required. As observed, just a part of the first wave period is enough for robust determination of such source parameters as amplitude and total volume of water. Results of numerical tests are summarized in tables and then discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalAdvances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Orthogonal decomposition
  • Sea surface displacement
  • Tsunami wave source

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.03 PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND ASTRONOMY
  • 2.11 OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGIES
  • 5.02 ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS

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