Experimental modeling of silicate and carbonate sulfidation under lithospheric mantle P,T-parameters

Evgeniy Zdrokov, Ivan Novoselov, Yuliya Bataleva, Yuri Borzdov, Yuri Palyanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Interactions of mantle silicates with subducted carbonates, sulfides, and sulfur-rich fluids are experimentally simulated in the olivine-ankerite-sulfur and olivine-ankerite-pyrite systems using a multi-anvil high-pressure split-sphere apparatus at 6.3 GPa and range of 1050-1550 °C. Recrystallization of Fe,Ni-bearing olivine and ankerite in a sulfur melt was found to be accompanied by sulfidation of olivine and carbonate, involving partial extraction of metals, carbon, and oxygen into the melt, followed by the formation of pyrite (±pyrrhotite), diopside, and Fe-free carbonates. The main features of metasomatic alteration of Fe,Ni-olivine by a reduced sulfur fluid include: (i) a zonal structure of crystals (Fe-rich core, Mg-rich rim); (ii) inclusions of pyrite and pyrrhotite in olivine; (iii) certain Raman spectral characteristics of olivine. At T > 1350 °C, two immiscible melts, a predominantly sulfur melt with dissolved components (or a Fe-Ni-S-O melt) and a predominantly carbonate one, are generated. The redox interaction of these melts leads to the formation of metastable graphite (1350-1550 °C) and diamond growth (1550 °C). The studied olivine-ankerite-sulfur and olivine-ankerite-pyrite interactions may be considered as the basis for simulation of metasomatic processes accompanied by the formation of mantle sulfides during subduction of crustal material to the silicate mantle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number425
Number of pages23
JournalMinerals
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Carbonate
  • Diamond
  • High pressure experiment
  • Lithospheric mantle
  • Mantle metasomatism
  • Olivine
  • Redox interaction
  • Subduction
  • Sulfidation
  • Sulfide
  • Sulfur
  • mantle metasomatism
  • lithospheric mantle
  • HIGH-TEMPERATURE
  • SULFUR
  • olivine
  • REDOX BUDGET
  • sulfur
  • CONSTRAINTS
  • carbonate
  • DIAMONDS
  • sulfidation
  • OLIVINE
  • HIGH-PRESSURE
  • SUBDUCTION
  • high pressure experiment
  • subduction
  • REDUCED S
  • diamond
  • KAAPVAAL CRATON
  • redox interaction
  • sulfide

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