Evaporation dynamics of a sessile droplet on glass surfaces with fluoropolymer coatings: Focusing on the final stage of thin droplet evaporation

Elizaveta Ya Gatapova, Anna M. Shonina, Alexey I. Safonov, Veronica S. Sulyaeva, Oleg A. Kabov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The evaporation dynamics of a water droplet with an initial volume of 2 μl from glass surfaces with fluoropolymer coatings are investigated using the shadow technique and an optical microscope. The droplet profile for a contact angle of less than 5° is constructed using an image-analyzing interference technique, and evaporation dynamics are investigated at the final stage. We coated the glass slides with a thin film of a fluoropolymer by the hot-wire chemical vapor deposition method at different deposition modes depending on the deposition pressure and the temperature of the activating wire. The resulting surfaces have different structures affecting the wetting properties. Droplet evaporation from a constant contact radius mode in the early stage of evaporation was found followed by the mode where both contact angle and contact radius simultaneously vary in time (final stage) regardless of wettability of the coated surfaces. We found that depinning occurs at small contact angles of 2.2-4.7° for all samples, which are smaller than the measured receding contact angles. This is explained by imbibition of the liquid into the developed surface of the "soft" coating that leads to formation of thin droplets completely wetting the surface. The final stage, which is little discussed in the literature, is also recorded. We have singled out a substage where the contact line velocity is abruptly increasing for all coated and uncoated surfaces. The critical droplet height corresponding to the transition to this substage is about 2 μm with R/h = 107. The duration of this substage is the same for all coated and uncoated surfaces. Droplets observed at this substage for all the tested surfaces are axisymmetric. The specific evaporation rate clearly demonstrates an abrupt increase at the final substage of the droplet evaporation. The classical R2 law is justified for the complete wetting situation where the droplet is disappearing in an axisymmetric manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1811-1821
Number of pages11
JournalSoft Matter
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • CONTACT LINE REGION
  • LIQUID DROPLETS
  • WATER
  • ANGLE
  • IMBIBITION
  • FLUID
  • CAPILLARITY
  • WETTABILITY
  • TRANSITION
  • PRESSURE

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