Evaporation and interface dynamics in microregion on heated substrate of non-uniform wettability

Elizaveta Ya Gatapova, Oleg A. Kabov, Vladimir S. Ajaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Modeling of evaporation in the microregion separating an adsorbed film and a macroscopic meniscus is important for a number of applications such as pool boiling and micro heat pipes. We develop a model of a moving microregion incorporating the effects of evaporation, viscous flow, surface tension, and two-component disjoining pressure and apply it to study motion of microregions over heated surfaces with wettability defects or patterns. Substantial heat transfer enhancement is found when a receding microregion passes over the portion of the substrate with higher wettability than the surrounding areas. The effect is explained in physical terms by widening of the part of the microregion with low thermal resistance. To achieve sustained heat transfer enhancement, we then consider a configuration in which the substrate is patterned by an array of high-wettability stripes and investigate the evaporative flux as a function of the geometry of the pattern. The effects of Marangoni stress at the interface are also studied and found to result in slight reduction of the average evaporative flux, as the tangential stress at the interface reduces the liquid supply into the microregion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118355
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • Apparent contact lines
  • Electrostatic disjoining pressure
  • Evaporation
  • Marangoni stress
  • Viscous flows


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