Element base of quantum informatics I. Qubits of a quantum computer based on single atoms in optical traps

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Abstract

A brief overview of the current state of the experimental research on the development of the element base of quantum computers with qubits based on single neutral atoms trapped in optical traps. The requirements for qubits, peculiarities of single neutral atoms as qubits, methods for the quantum register development and for the implementation of single-qubit quantum logic operations in the laser and microwave fields, and two-qubit operations through the dipole–dipole interaction after a short laser excitation of atoms to the Rydberg states are discussed. The results of the experiments on the observation of the interaction of two Rydberg atoms at a Förster resonance controlled by the dc and radio-frequency electric field are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-120
Number of pages12
JournalRussian Microelectronics
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

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