Electromagnetic Emission Produced by Three-wave Interactions in a Plasma with Continuously Injected Counterstreaming Electron Beams

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Abstract

Three-wave interactions between Langmuir and electromagnetic waves in plasma with unstable electron flows are believed to be the main cause of type II and III solar radio emissions. The narrow band of type II bursts requires assuming that this radiation is generated in some local regions of shock fronts traveling in the solar corona, where the specific conditions for the enhancement of electromagnetic emissions near the plasma frequency harmonics are created. The reason for such enhancement at the second harmonic may be the formation of counterstreaming electron beams. There are different opinions in the literature on whether the second harmonic electromagnetic emission in the presence of an additional beam can be efficient enough to markedly dominate emissions produced by a single beam. In the present paper, we carry out particle-in-cell simulations of the collision of two symmetric electron beams in plasma with open boundary conditions and show that the efficiency of beam-to-radiation power conversion can be significantly increased compared to models with periodic boundary conditions and reach the level of a few percent if three-wave interactions with electromagnetic waves near the second harmonic of the plasma frequency becomes available for the most unstable, oblique, beam-driven modes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number88
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume904
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Plasma physics (2089)
  • Radio bursts (1339)
  • Solar radio emission (1522)

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