Electric current-assisted joining of copper plates using silver formed by in-situ decomposition of Ag2C2O4

Dina V. Dudina, Alexander A. Matvienko, Anatoly A. Sidelnikov, Mikhail A. Legan, Vyacheslav I. Mali, Maksim A. Esikov, Alexander G. Anisimov, Pavel A. Gribov, Vladimir V. Boldyrev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Pulsed electric current can be used for the fast sintering of powders as well as joining of macroobjects. In this work, we brazed copper plates using a silver layer that was formed in situ by the decomposition of a silver oxalate Ag2C2O4 powder placed between the plates. Joining was conducted in the chamber of a Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) facility with and without a graphite die. In the die-assisted tooling configuration, indirect heating of the assembly from the graphite die carrying electric current occurred until the brazing layer transformed into metallic silver. The passage of electric current through a Cu/Ag2C2O4/Cu stack placed between the electrodes without a die was possible because of the formation of Cu/Cu contacts in the areas free from the Ag2C2O4 particles. Joints that were formed in the die-assisted experiments showed a slightly higher shear strength (45 MPa) in comparison with joints formed without a die (41 MPa). The shear strength of the reference sample (obtained without a die), a stack of copper plates joined without any brazing layer, was only 31 MPa, which indicates a key role of the silver in producing strong bonding between the plates. This study shows that both die-assisted tooling configurations and those without a die can be used for the SPS brazing of materials by the oxalate-derived silver interlayer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number538
Number of pages9
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2018


  • Copper
  • Decomposition
  • Electric current
  • Joining
  • Silver oxalate
  • Spark Plasma Sintering
  • electric current
  • joining
  • copper
  • decomposition
  • silver oxalate


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