Effects of Mutations in the Drosophila melanogaster Rif1 Gene on the Replication and Underreplication of Pericentromeric Heterochromatin in Salivary Gland Polytene Chromosomes

Tatyana D. Kolesnikova, Alexandra V. Kolodyazhnaya, Galina V. Pokholkova, Veit Schubert, Viktoria V. Dovgan, Svetlana A. Romanenko, Dmitry Yu Prokopov, Igor F. Zhimulev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In Drosophila salivary gland polytene chromosomes, a substantial portion of heterochromatin is underreplicated. The combination of mutations SuURES and Su(var)3-906 results in the polytenization of a substantial fraction of unique and moderately repeated sequences but has almost no effect on satellite DNA replication. The Rap1 interacting factor 1 (Rif) protein is a conserved regulator of replication timing, and in Drosophila, it affects underreplication in polytene chromosomes. We compared the morphology of pericentromeric regions and labeling patterns of in situ hybridization of heterochromatin-specific DNA probes between wild-type salivary gland polytene chromosomes and the chromosomes of Rif1 mutants and SuUR Su(var)3-906 double mutants. We show that, despite general similarities, heterochromatin zones exist that are polytenized only in the Rif1 mutants, and that there are zones that are under specific control of Su(var)3-9. In the Rif1 mutants, we found additional polytenization of the largest blocks of satellite DNA (in particular, satellite 1.688 of chromosome X and simple satellites in chromosomes X and 4) as well as partial polytenization of chromosome Y. Data on pulsed incorporation of 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) into polytene chromosomes indicated that in the Rif1 mutants, just as in the wild type, most of the heterochromatin becomes replicated during the late S phase. Nevertheless, a significantly increased number of heterochromatin replicons was noted. These results suggest that Rif1 regulates the activation probability of heterochromatic origins in the satellite DNA region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1501
Number of pages37
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • heterochromatin
  • polytene chromosomes
  • replication timing
  • Rif1
  • satellite DNA
  • Su(var)3-9
  • SuUR
  • underreplication
  • X-CHROMOSOME
  • BETA-HETEROCHROMATIN
  • DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER
  • MUTANT SUPPRESSOR
  • ACTIVE ORIGINS
  • CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS
  • PHASE-SEPARATION
  • SATELLITE DNA-SEQUENCES
  • PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 1
  • S-PHASE

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Mutations in the Drosophila melanogaster Rif1 Gene on the Replication and Underreplication of Pericentromeric Heterochromatin in Salivary Gland Polytene Chromosomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this