Effect of inert and reactive gas additives to hydrogen and air on blow-off of flame at hydrogen release from microleakage

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Abstract

This paper presents experimental data on the effect of inert (He, N2, Ar, CO2) and reactive (СН4, O2, CF3Br, (CH3O)3PO) gas additives to hydrogen and ambient air on flame blow-off during diffusion combustion of a hydrogen microjet emanating from a micronozzle into air. It is found that the addition of the above gases to hydrogen narrows the microjet velocity range of stable combustion of hydrogen. For hydrogen with the additives studied, the critical velocity of flame blow-off depends primarily on the mean molecular weight of the combustible mixture. When the gases are added to the air surrounding the diffusion flame, the critical velocity of flame blow-off is determined by their inhibiting effect on the chemical reactions of hydrogen oxidation. The results can be used to determine the minimum concentrations of flame-suppressing additives required to prevent the ignition and combustion of hydrogen in its accidental releases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2796-2803
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume46
Issue number2
Early online date4 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Fire retardant
  • Flame blow-off
  • Hydrogen microjet flame
  • Inhibitor
  • Round micronozzle
  • INHIBITION
  • DISPERSION
  • NOZZLE
  • SCHLIEREN
  • DIFFUSION COMBUSTION
  • RANGE

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