Early Palaeoproterozoic granulite-facies metamorphism and partial melting of eclogite-facies rocks in the Salma association, eastern Fennoscandian Shield, Russia

Ksenia Dokukina, M. V. Mints, V. B. Khubanov, V. S. Sheshukov, A. N. Konilov, T. B. Bayanova, T. V. Kaulina, M. A. Golunova, P. A. Dokukin, O. I. Okina, K. V. Van, D. S. Yudin, A. V. Travin, A. V. Zaitsev, V. L. Kosorukov, V. I. Pozhilenko, T. I. Golovanova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Salma-type Archaean eclogites exposed along the northwestern boundary of the Belomorian Eclogite Province in the eastern Fennoscandian Shield formed as a result of the Mesoarchaean–Neoarchaean subduction and collision. The common protoliths of the Salma-type subduction-related eclogites were oceanic layered gabbro and volcanic-sedimentary assemblage. The eclogite-facies pillow lavas and associated alumina-siliceous sediments that fill interpillow space and intercalate with lava flows are the main objects of our work. The kyanite-garnet–phengite–quartz rocks formed after alumina-siliceous sediments contain fluid inclusions trapped in large relic quartz grains. The fluid inclusions yielded an isochore that corresponds to PT-conditions of a beginning of the Salma oceanic rock subduction from the seafloor level that generally confirms the sedimentary provenance of these rocks. The alumina-siliceous sediments underwent the eclogite-facies metamorphism at pressure no lower than 21 kbar and temperatures of 650–750 °C and transformed into kyanite-garnet–phengite–quartz rocks. During exhumation under granulite-facies conditions at temperatures up to 900 °C and pressure down to 9 kbar, eclogite facies metasediments underwent partial melting accompanied by disequilibrium breakdown of phengite + quartz association with formation complex polymineralic pseudomorphs consisting of feldspars, biotite, muscovite, kyanite, corundum, and dumortierite. U-Pb dating of Th-rich igneous zircon from melted metasedimentary and mafic rocks using the LA-ICP-MS and TIMS methods yielded the time of granulite facies event accompanied by partial melting processes at ~2.45 Ga. After this, zircon underwent fluid-induced alteration, causing partial dissolution followed by precipitation of new Th–poor zircon and zircon rims around ancient grains at ~1.9 Ga ago

Original languageEnglish
Article number106260
JournalPrecambrian Research
Volume361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Eclogite
  • Granulite
  • Metasedimentary rocks
  • Partial melting
  • Pillow lava
  • U-Pb dating

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.05 EARTH AND RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
  • 1.05.KY GEOLOGY

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