Detection of Babesia caballi, Theileria mutans and Th. velifera in ixodid ticks collected from cattle in Guinea in 2017–2018

Mikhail Yu Kartashov, Ekaterina V. Naidenova, Kirill S. Zakharov, Sergey A. Yakovlev, Maxim O. Skarnovich, Sanaba Boumbaly, Konstantin A. Nikiforov, Nikita A. Plekhanov, Andrey A. Kritzkiy, Vladimir A. Ternovoi, Mamadou Y. Boiro, Valery B. Loktev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intraerythrocytic protozoan parasites from the genera Babesia and Theileria may infect a wide range of animals and humans. The purpose of this study was to detect the 18S ribosomal RNA gene of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in ticks collected from household cows in the Republic of Guinea from 2017 to 2018 by PCR and then genotype the gene fragments by sequencing. A total of 907 ticks from 319 cows were collected in seven prefectures of Guinea (Boke, Faranah, Kankan, Kindia, Labe, Mamou and N'Zerekore). The following tick species on cattle were identified: Amblyomma variegatum (44.2%), Rhipicephalus decoloratus (34.7%), Rh. annulatus (10.3%), Rh. geigyi (7.3%) Hyalomma truncatum (2.4%), Rh. senegalensis (0.8%) and Haemaphysalis leachi (0.6%). Genetic markers for piroplasms were found in Am. variegatum, Rh. decoloratus, Rh. annulatus, and Rh. geigyi ticks, and the total infection rate for these ticks was 4.2%. The highest infection rate was found in Rh. annulatus ticks (10.9%). The piroplasms were genotyped as Babesia caballi, Theileria mutans and Theileria velifera by phylogenetic analysis of the 1150 bp 18S ribosomal RNA gene fragments. These pathogens were discovered in practically all studied prefectures in Guinea except for Mamou Prefecture. We propose that these ixodid ticks might play a major role in the transmission of piroplasm infections in domestic animals in Guinea.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100564
JournalVeterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Babesia caballi
  • Cattle
  • Guinea
  • Theileria mutans
  • Theileria velifera
  • Ticks

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 3.03.TI PARASITOLOGY
  • 4.03.ZC VETERINARY SCIENCES

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