Debatable aspects of initial human colonization of Siberia and age of the Karama site in the Altai Mountains

V. S. Zykin, V. S. Zykina, L. G. Smolyaninova

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Debatable aspects of age, stratigraphic position, and natural conditions of the oldest stratified Early Paleolithic Karama site in the Altai Mountains are critically revised. The extensive geological, stratigraphic, and paleontological data allow the sufficiently well-substantiated assumption that accumulation of the Karama Formation and existence of the Early Paleolithic Karama site correspond to a long period of climate warming in the Early Pleistocene correlated with the Tiglian of northwestern Europe lasting from 2.23 to 1.59 Ma. The age model proposed for the formation of the Quaternary sequence in the Anui River valley, which includes the artifact-containing deposits of the Karama site, seems to be the most probable one proceeding from interpretation of available data on the geological structure, stratigraphy, paleomagnetism, and paleontological and lithological properties of Upper Cenozoic sequences observable both in the Anui River valley and in Siberian areas adjacent to the Altai mountainous region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-330
Number of pages18
JournalStratigraphy and Geological Correlation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016


  • Altai Mountains
  • archeology
  • Early Paleolithic
  • paleogeography
  • Quaternary geology
  • stratigraphy


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