## Abstract

The author proved in the late 1980s that any homogeneous manifold with an intrinsic metric is isometric to some homogeneous quotient space of a connected Lie group by its compact subgroup with an invariant Finslerian or sub-Finslerian metric. In the case of a trivial compact subgroup, the invariant Riemannian or sub-Riemannian metrics are singled out from invariant Finslerian or sub-Finslerian metrics by being in one-to-one correspondence with special one-parameter Gaussian convolutions semigroups of absolutely continuous probability measures. Any such semigroup is generated by a second order hypoelliptic operator. In the present paper, in connection with this, the author discusses briefly the operator definition of lower bound for Ricci curvature by Baudoin–Garofalo. Earlier, Agrachev defined a notion of curvature for sub-Riemannian manifolds. As an alternative, the author discusses in some detail old definitions of curvature tensors for rigged metrized distributions on manifolds given by Schouten, Wagner, and Solov’ev. To calculate the Solov’ev sectional and Ricci curvatures for homogeneous sub-Riemannian manifolds, the author suggests to use in some cases special riggings of invariant bracket generating distributions on manifolds. As a justification, we find a foliation on the cotangent bundle [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] over a Lie group G whose leaves are tangent to invariant Hamiltonian vector fields for the Pontryagin–Hamilton function. This function was applied in the Pontryagin maximum principle for the time-optimal problem. The foliation is entirely described by the coadjoint representation of the Lie group G. We also use the canonical symplectic form on [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] and its values for the above mentioned invariant Hamiltonian vector fields. In particular, the above rigging method is applicable to contact sub-Riemannian manifolds, sub-Riemannian Carnot groups, and homogeneous sub-Riemannian manifolds possessing a submetry onto a Riemannian manifold. In Sects. 5 and 6, some examples are presented.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 788-807 |

Number of pages | 20 |

Journal | European Journal of Mathematics |

Volume | 3 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Dec 2017 |

## Keywords

- Coadjoint representation
- Contact form
- Cotangent bundle
- Hamiltonian vector field
- Homogeneous sub-Riemannian manifold
- Left invariant sub-Riemannian metric
- Lie algebra
- Lie group
- Pontryagin–Hamilton function
- Sub-Riemannian curvature
- Submetry
- Symplectic form
- METRIC-MEASURE-SPACES
- SPHERES
- PROJECTIVE SPACES
- GAUSS SEMIGROUPS
- GEODESICS
- RICCI CURVATURE
- LIE GROUP
- Pontryagin-Hamilton function
- GEOMETRY