Crystal structure of thin CaSi2 films grown by radiation-induced epitaxy

Aleksey V. Kacyuba, Anatoly V. Dvurechenskii, Genadiy N. Kamaev, Vladimir A. Volodin, Aleksey Y. Krupin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The electron-beam irradiation (electron energy 20 keV, current density 50 μA/m2) effects on the CaF2 films epitaxially grown on a Si(1 1 1) substrate have been studied with Raman spectroscopy (RS). It was found that the radiation-induced phase transition of CaF2 into CaSi2 films takes place at electron-beam irradiation both as during the epitaxial CaF2 film growth and as after completed growth of the film. The temperature dependence studies of the observed radiation-induced phase transition show needs to use substrate heating above 300 °C. The crystal structure of CaSi2 films was found to depend on the thickness of the grown CaF2 film. For thin films (less than 20 nm) crystal structure of CaSi2 films belongs to the trigonal rhombohedral modification 3R (space group R3̅m with a three-layer translational period of silicon substructures in the unit cell 3R). The transition of CaSi2 crystal structure to the trigonal rhombohedral modification a six-layer period material 6R was found for thicker films (>20 nm).

Original languageEnglish
Article number126080
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2021


  • A1. Crystal structure
  • A1. Nanostructures
  • A1. Radiation
  • A3. Molecular beam epitaxy
  • B1. Calcium compounds
  • B2. Semiconducting silicon

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