Chemotherapy-Induced Degradation of Glycosylated Components of the Brain Extracellular Matrix Promotes Glioblastoma Relapse Development in an Animal Model

Alexandra Y. Tsidulko, Oleg B. Shevelev, Anna S. Khotskina, Mariia A. Kolpakova, Anastasia V. Suhovskih, Galina M. Kazanskaya, Alexander M. Volkov, Svetlana V. Aidagulova, Evgenii L. Zavyalov, Elvira V. Grigorieva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adjuvant chemotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ) is an intrinsic part of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) therapy targeted to eliminate residual GBM cells. Despite the intensive treatment, a GBM relapse develops in the majority of cases resulting in poor outcome of the disease. Here, we investigated off-target negative effects of the systemic chemotherapy on glycosylated components of the brain extracellular matrix (ECM) and their functional significance. Using an elaborated GBM relapse animal model, we demonstrated that healthy brain tissue resists GBM cell proliferation and invasion, thereby restricting tumor development. TMZ-induced [especially in combination with dexamethasone (DXM)] changes in composition and content of brain ECM proteoglycans (PGs) resulted in the accelerated adhesion, proliferation, and invasion of GBM cells into brain organotypic slices ex vivo and more active growth and invasion of experimental xenograft GBM tumors in SCID mouse brain in vivo. These changes occurred both at core proteins and polysaccharide chain levels, and degradation of chondroitin sulfate (CS) was identified as a key event responsible for the observed functional effects. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that chemotherapy-induced changes in glycosylated components of brain ECM can impact the fate of residual GBM cells and GBM relapse development. ECM-targeted supportive therapy might be a useful strategy to mitigate the negative off-target effects of the adjuvant GBM treatment and increase the relapse-free survival of GBM patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number713139
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • chondroitin sulfate
  • dexamethasone
  • extracellular matrix
  • glioblastoma multiforme
  • glycosaminoglycan
  • proteoglycan
  • temozolomide

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 3.02 CLINICAL MEDICINE
  • 3.01 BASIC MEDICAL RESEARCH
  • 3.02.DM ONCOLOGY

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