Condensation of (−)-isopulegol with acetone was investigated at 25–40 °C over clay based materials (K10, cloisite Na+ and halloysite nanotubes) modified with sulfonic acid groups by one-pot sulfonation with chlorosulfonic acid or via organosilylation with 2-(4-chlrosulfonylphenyl)-ethyltrimethoxysilane. The target product was the R diastereomer of dimethyl-substituted octahydro-2H-chromen-4-ol with exhibits antiviral activity. The catalysts were characterized by a range of physico-chemical methods. The effect of the initial isopulegol concentrations on the yield of ketone-derived chromenols and the R/S isomers ratio was studied for the first time. The best catalyst was a highly acidic, large pore K10-clay modified by sulfonic acid. Varying the initial concentration of the reagents allows to find a balance between dehydration by-products and a side etherification reaction. A high yield (73%) of the desired chromenols was reached using 0.52 mol/l initial (−)-isopulegol concentration after 240 min at 87% substrate conversion and reaction temperature 25 °C. The yield exceeded that of other previously reported in the open literature catalysts.
- Sulfonated clay
- ANALGESIC ACTIVITY
- PRINS CYCLIZATION
- MODIFIED HALLOYSITE NANOTUBES