An unusual burial of a xiongnu-sarmatian era warrior in the western siberian forest-steppe: Results of a paleogenetic analysis

A. S. Pilipenko, S. V. Cherdantsev, R. O. Trapezov, T. A. Chikisheva, D. V. Pozdnyakov, V. I. Molodin

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article presents the results of a paleogenetic study of the skeletal remains of a male from burial 688 at Sopka-2, in the Baraba forest-steppe. The artifacts, the burial rite, and the man's Central Asian Mongoloid physical type unambiguously indicate a foreigner. We analyzed the uniparental markers, such as mitochondrial DNA (HVR I sequence, and informative positions in the coding part ofmtDNA) and Y-chromosome (allelic profile ofl 7 STR-loci). The male's mtDNA belongs to the East Eurasian haplogroup D4bl, and his Y-chromosome haplogroup Q (Qla) is likewise East Eurasian. Thus, the individual's eastern origin has been established, consistent with his physical type. The phylogeographic analysis, using data on ancient and modern populations of Eurasia, revealed the presence of the East Eurasian D4bl-haplogroup both in the eastern and western Eurasian steppes. Importantly, it was present in Scythians of the Northern Pontic area. Genetic data, then, do not allow us to locate the region whence the individual had migrated to Baraba. We propose a scenario that explains the disagreement between the paleogenetic and the craniometrical evidence, indicating eastern origin, on the one hand, and the predominantly western (Sarmato-Alanian) parallels to the grave goods, on the other. We discuss the possibilities and limitations of the paleogenetic approach to reconstructing the origins of ancient individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Eurasian Steppe Belt
  • Migrations
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Str-Markers
  • Western Siberia
  • Xiongnu-Sarmatian Era
  • Y-Chromosome
  • Eurasian steppe belt
  • ANCIENT DNA
  • MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA
  • migrations
  • STR-markers
  • Y-chromosome
  • DIVERSITY

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 5.09.EN CULTURAL STUDIES
  • 5.04.BF ANTHROPOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03 STORY. HISTORICAL SCIENCE

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