A Rock-Magnetic Quest for Possible Ore Sources for the Ancient Iron-Smelting Industry in the Olkhon Region (Lake Baikal, Siberia)

G. G. Matasova, A. Yu Kazansky, N. O. Kozhevnikov, S. V. Snpokov, A. V. Kharinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rock-magnetic techniques were used to examine the topsoil layer of Kurma archaeological site (in the Olkhon region, on the north-western coast of Lake Baikal, Siberia) in an effort to determine the possible sources of iron ores for iron-smelting centres (at about the bc/ad boundary). Measurements have shown a magnetic enhancement of the topsoil due to magnetite grains resulting from weathering of strongly magnetic crystalline rocks. They have also revealed a preliminary picture of the distribution of strongly magnetic topsoils around the ancient iron-smelting centres. Perhaps, in addition to traditional sources of raw materials, the ancient metallurgists used black sand talus as an ore deposit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-527
Number of pages17
JournalArchaeometry
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ancient Iron Smelting
  • Baikal
  • Kurma Archaeological Site
  • Magnetite
  • Rock-Magnetic Study
  • Siberia
  • Topsoil

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 6.01.MM HISTORY

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