A new autostabilization mechanism in the Bennet doubler circuit-based electrostatic vibrational energy harvester

V. P. Dragunov, V. Y. Dorzhiev, D. I. Ostertak, V. V. Atuchin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, the theoretical and experimental study of the electric circuit is carried out for the electrostatic microgenerators based on the Bennet doubler with a power source in a variable capacitor branch. It is established that the circuit is able to operate at different capacitance modulation depth values. For the circuit with one variable capacitor, when the maximal-to-minimal capacitance ratio is less than 2, one can observe a saturation of the storage capacitor voltage (voltage autostabilization process). The equation for the saturation voltage evaluation is derived. As it is revealed for a maximal-to-minimal capacitance ratio more than 1.5, the saturation voltage is higher than power source voltage V0. When the maximal-to-minimal capacitance ratio is greater than 2, one can observe a continuous growth of the capacitor voltages as for the basic Bennet doubler conditioning circuit. A similar change of the regimes in the same circuit, but with two variable capacitors, takes place when a maximal-to-minimal capacitance ratio is about 1.618. The employment of the considered Bennet doubler conditioning circuit enables solving two main problems: operation only for a capacitance modulation depth above 2 (1.618) and the uncontrolled capacitors voltages growth. The circuit under study can be also used for electret microgenerators and for microgenerators based on using electrodes with materials having different work functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Volume272
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Autostabilization
  • Bennet doubler
  • Harvester
  • Modulation depth

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