A hypomorphic mutation in the mouse Csn1s1 gene generated by CRISPR/Cas9 pronuclear microinjection

A. V. Smirnov, T. Shnaider, A. N. Korablev, A. M. Yunusova, I. A. Serova, N. R. Battulin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Caseins are major milk proteins that have an evolutionarily conserved role in nutrition. Sequence variations in the casein genes affect milk composition in livestock species. Regulatory elements of the casein genes could be used to direct the expression of desired transgenes into the milk of transgenic animals. Dozens of casein alleles have been identified for goats, cows, sheep, camels and horses, and these sequence variants are associated with altered gene expression and milk protein content. Most of the known mutations affecting casein genes' expression are located in the promoter and 3'-un-translated regions. We performed pronuclear microinjections with Cas9 mRNA and sgRNA against the first coding exon of the mouse Csn1s1 gene to introduce random mutations in the α-casein (Csn1s1) signal peptide sequence at the beginning of the mouse gene. Sanger sequencing of the founder mice identified 40 mutations. As expected, mutations clustered around the sgRNA cut site (3 bp from PAM). Most of the mutations represented small deletions (1-10 bp), but we detected several larger deletions as well (100-300 bp). Functionally most mutations led to gene knockout due to a frameshift or a start codon loss. Some of the mutations represented in-frame indels in the first coding exon. Of these, we describe a novel hypomorphic Csn1s1 (Csn1s1c.4-5insTCC) allele. We measured Csn1s1 protein levels and confirmed that the mutation has a negative effect on milk composition, which shows a 50 % reduction in gene expression and a 40-80 % decrease in Csn1s1 protein amount, compared to the wild-type allele. We assumed that mutation affected transcript stability or splicing by an unknown mechanism. This mutation can potentially serve as a genetic marker for low Csn1s1 expression.

Translated title of the contributionГипоморфная мутация гена Csn1s1 мыши, полученная пронуклеарной микроинъекцией CRISPR/Сas9
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalVavilovskii Zhurnal Genetiki i Selektsii
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021



State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 34 BIOLOGY


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