Эпистемический авторитет: ошибка в "либеральной защите" и ценностная альтернатива

Translated title of the contribution: Epistemic authority: The error of 'liberal protection' and the value alternative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The article includes a critique of the arguments by Linda Zagzebski who tries to derive following to moral and religious authorities from the principles of recognition of the state and from epistemic authority. The author shows that the automatic transition from recognition of somebody's descriptivejudgments to recognition of imperatives emanating from the same authority is not correct. He shows the way for a valid transition from recognition of epistemic authority of science to recognition of moral and religious authorities. He also claims that there is no justification for subjecting their instructions concerning all living arrangement. As an alternative, he suggests the principle of value consciousness according to which every modern individual (that usually enters a variety of communities with different values) freely accepts values to follow. At the same time the "thin layer" of universal values retains and nobody can violate them. The author argues that philosophy differs both from the sphere of science and the spheres of morality and religion, because philosophy is always looking for its own reasons. That is why philosophy is the best antidote against any attempt to bring the liberal principles under the subordination to moral and religious authorities, who, among other things, can be anti-liberal and anti-human.

Translated title of the contributionEpistemic authority: The error of 'liberal protection' and the value alternative
Original languageRussian
Article number12
Pages (from-to)120-135
Number of pages16
JournalEpistemology and Philosophy of Science
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • A thin layer of values
  • Epistemic authority
  • Minimal values
  • Moral authority
  • Religious authority
  • Scientific authority
  • The preemption of submission to rules
  • The specificity of philosophy
  • Value consciousness
  • Values of general significance

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 6.05 OTHER HUMANITIES
  • 6.03 PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS AND RELIGION

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 02 PHILOSOPHY

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