The article deals with previously untranslated chapters of the Qing source “Qinding Huangyu Xiyu tuzhi” dedicated to the weapons and banners of the population of Central Asia. This source was compiled by the order of Emperor Qianlong after the annexation of the territory of the Dzungarian state to the Qing Empire. A group of Qing officials and European specialists was sent to explore the newly annexed lands. The article analyzes data on the preparation, composition and some features of the expedition to study Dzungaria. It was found that the main researches were carried out in 1756–1757. The study of Eastern Turkestan continued until the spring of 1759. The compilation of the text of “Xiyu Tuzhi” started in the same year and continued, intermittently, for about 23 years (1759–1782). There were 5 stages of this process and their characteristic features are highlighted in the article. It was found that the Manchu generals who took part in the war in Central Asia participated also in the compilation of the source among other specialists. Basic information about the weapons and banners of the population of the region is grouped in chapters (juan) 41 (“Dzungars”) and 42 (“Muslim tribes”). The source describes weapons, armor, and the banners of the Oirat and Turkic population of the region. Some information from the source is unique and could not be not found in other sources of the 18th century. Qing authors correlated the original names of weapons and armor with design and features of these items, making possible the further, more detailed study of the written sources and epics of the population of Central Asia. So, “Xiyu tuzhi” is the main Qing written source on the weapons and banners of the Central Asian population in the middle of the 18th century.
|Translated title of the contribution||“Qinding Huangyu Xiyu Tuzhi” as a source of the information of weapons and military symbols for the population of central Asia in the middle of the 18th century|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2021|
- 5.06 POLITICAL SCIENCE
- 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY
State classification of scientific and technological information
- 03 STORY. HISTORICAL SCIENCE