Убинский пас: месторасположение и планиграфия

Translated title of the contribution: Ubinsky pas: location and planigraphy

Сергей Валерьевич Горохов

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The study objective encompasses two components: to determine an initial location of Ubinsky Pas (outpost) and reconstruct its fortifi cations
including planning of the fortress’ internal space. The research source base is represented by the travel diary of I. G. Gmelin who visited the outpost in
June 1741 on his way from Tomsk to Tara. The article includes an author’s translation of the itinerary text related to Ubinsky Pas as this work has not
been published in Russian. The researchers have repeatedly referred to I. G. Gmelin’s itinerary as an information source to determine its location, layout
of fortifi cations and plan of the fortress yard. However, the location determination was limited to general indications, which considerably distorted the
source data. The same is true for characteristics of the fortress wall structure and buildings in the outpost territory. Ubinsky Pas’ location was determined
by searching for landmarks specifi ed in the itinerary, on modern maps and ensuring alignment thereof. The fortifi cations were reconstructed in strict
accordance with the source text by interpreting it through the lens of modern historical and archeological data on homogeneous objects located in
Siberia and the Far East. The reconstruction of the fortifi cation inner yard plan was carried on based on I. G. Gmelin’s description, by reconciliation
of the object’s planigraphic dimensions and garrison’s size. The study showed that Ubinsky Pas used to be located (till its translocation in 1746) on
the Menshikov Isle, in the moorland, at south-western margin of the Ubinskoe Lake, two kilometers south of Kreshchensky town. The exact location
can be determined only during archeological exploration. The author made graphical reconstruction of the outpost’s fortifi cations and its plan.
Translated title of the contributionUbinsky pas: location and planigraphy
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalГуманитарные науки в Сибири
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes



State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03.41 Archaeology


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