Топос ДОМ в прозе А.П. Чехова 1890-х годов и ассоциированные с ним мотивы: смирение - бегство - уход

Translated title of the contribution: HOME topos and associated motifs in A. P. Chekhov's prose of 1890s: Humility, escape, departure

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose: The article examines the topos of HOME and following motifs A. P. Chekhov's late prose. Results: The 1st story, A Woman's Kingdom, portrays a rich young woman who is bored with her eventless everyday life. Being clever and open-hearted, Anna Akimovna searches for human values, such as empathetic communication, loving family, etc. The fictive time is Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, so genre tradition of Christmas narratives involves miracles connected with status changes (marriage, family reunification, poor relative gets award or gift from their rich uncle, an orphan finds their parents, and so on). Ritual temporality suggests some fate changes, and it makes Anna Akimovna dream about her matrimony matters with the worker Pimenov. At last she realizes that Pimenov is below her socially, and social instinct leads her closer to vapid and stupid such as Lysevich or important administrative official Krylin. Dull days she spends at home compel her to leave her dreams for humility. Thus, home-associated motifs in the story are boredom, weariness, and humility. The second narrative, At Home, is based on a return plot. Vera Kardina, who has received her education courses in Moscow, suffers from primitive customs of her home estate. Eventually, she realizes that she is becoming as rude and narrow-minded as the others inhabitants. Therefore, she decides to escape into an unhappy marriage. Corresponding motifs are the same: boredom and weariness, but the main character's escape reveals the higher degree of disagreement with her current lifestyle. In the third short story, A Doctor's Visit, the female character's disease is explained by her inner anxiety related to her social role. Liza Lyalikova is the heir of a huge factory, but she worries that it makes her unhappy and lonely. Doctor Korolev is sure that the best way for Liza's recovery is to quit the business. When the characters meet next morning, doctor believes that Liza would leave home. Both characters compare the factory with the devil, the absolute evil force, that forms the main motif of the short story. Here, the HOME topos is reconstructed in symbolic way. Conclusion: We conclude that the topos of home in Chekhov's late works produces destructive emotions. Main characters of narratives don't feel safe and calm in their homes. Motif dynamics show the development of characters' positions from humility to deliverance.

Translated title of the contributionHOME topos and associated motifs in A. P. Chekhov's prose of 1890s: Humility, escape, departure
Original languageRussian
Article number9
Pages (from-to)102-113
Number of pages12
JournalVestnik Novosibirskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, Seriya: Istoriya, Filologiya
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020



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