Теплотехнические сооружения конца эпохи бронзы в Барабинской лесостепи (восточный вариант пахомовской культуры)

Translated title of the contribution: LATE BRONZE AGE SMELTING AND PROCESSING FURNACES OF THE EASTERN VARIANT OF THE PAKHOMOVSKAYA CULTURE IN THE BARABA FOREST-STEPPE

Вячеслав Иванович Молодин, Дмитрий Вадимович Селин, Людмила Николаевна Мыльникова, Игорь Альбертович Дураков, Наталья Сергеевна Ефремова

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We describe smelting furnaces found at the Tartas-1 ritual site in southwestern Siberia, representing the eastern variant of the Pakhomovskaya culture. This is so far the only known site where the ritual complex, which includes pits from pillars, utility and ritual pits, adjoins a special manufacturing area with furnaces for smelting copper ore and processing bronze. The pits, differing in form, depth, and size, belonged to a structure. Furnaces are of two types: deep ones, dug into virgin soil, and shallow ones with domes. The former were destined for smelting ore, and the latter, for processing metal. The construction of both types is described in detail. The smelting surfaces are peculiar and have no direct parallels in Late Bronze Age settlements and sanctuaries of southwestern Siberia while being somewhat similar to smelting furnaces of the Early Iron Age Itkul culture of the Trans-Urals. Furnaces of the second type resemble those of the local late Irmen culture. Apparently, in the Baraba forest-steppe, where no copper ore outcrops are available, the ritual complexes included furnaces destined for both smelting ore and processing metal. The bronze metallurgy in the region may have been introduced by immigrants practicing both copper ore smelting and metal processing.
Translated title of the contributionLATE BRONZE AGE SMELTING AND PROCESSING FURNACES OF THE EASTERN VARIANT OF THE PAKHOMOVSKAYA CULTURE IN THE BARABA FOREST-STEPPE
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalАрхеология, этнография и антропология Евразии
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03.41 Archaeology

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