The Tamchinskiy deer stone: Documenting megalithic objects

Vladislav V. Kazakov, Aleksandr Simukhin, Vasiliy S. Kovalev, Pavel E. Marnuev, Dashinima Namsaraev, Lyudmila Lbova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Through the example of the Tamchinskiy deer stone in the Transbaikal region, the article describes a photogrammetry-based methodology for documenting steles with reliefs, and offers a full description of the Tamchinskiy monument, including stylistic features of the carved images on its planes. The method of indoors semi-automatic digital image construction used in topography has been tested. The approach consists in 3D-modelling of an object using SfM-photogrammetry and creating a DEM-model of the object's surfaces, consistently applying SEW and Canny Edge Detection algorithms for image production. The digital images obtained in this way allow specification of visual details and are used to produce final images, which, due to orthonormal images used as the source layer, do not exhibit any geometric distortions, a result difficult to achieve with other image drawing techniques. This methodology is highly accurate and non-invasive and allows creation of digital models that help solve subsequent research tasks, such as object dating, creating images, as well as measuring distances, depth, and shape of any marks left by tools with which images were made; it also enables morphometric analysis. Such 3D models can provide information for monitoring purposes and for research on degradation processes, and can be made available to the public on the Internet, printed out, or integrated into virtual 3D scenes.
Translated title of the contributionТамчинский оленный камень: опыт документирования мегалитических объектов
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-167
Number of pages27
JournalSiberian Historical Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019


  • documentation of archaeological objects
  • photogrammetry
  • deer stone
  • relief
  • Mongolia and Transbaikal region

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03.41 Archaeology

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