Structure of the upper crust beneath the klyuchevskoy group of volcanoes revealed from ambient noise tomography

I. I. Egorushkin, I. Yu Koulakov, N. M. Shapiro, E. I. Gordeev, A. V. Yakovlev, I. F. Abkadyrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Klyuchevskoy group of volcanoes (KGV) located in the central part of Kamchatka is a unique complex that demonstrates exceptional variety and intensity of volcanic manifestations. These features of the eruptive activity of the KGV are determined by a complex system of magmatic sources in the crust and mantle. While the structure of deep anomalies is quite reliably determined by tomography techniques based on body waves, the structure of the upper crust can only be determined using ambient noise tomography. We present the results of processing data from the KISS temporary network. This network consisted of more than 100 seismic stations that were installed from 2015 to 2016 over a large area covering the Klyuchevskoy group of volcanoes and its surroundings. To retrieve Rayleigh surface waves, cross-correlation of continuous seismic noise records from pairs of stations was used. We obtained the dispersion curves of the group velocities of these Rayleigh surface waves using frequency–time analysis (FTAN) of the calculated correlograms. These curves served as input data for performing ambient noise tomography. Tomography was performed in two stages: (1) computation of two-dimensional group velocity maps for different frequencies and (2) calculation of a three-dimensional model of the shear wave velocity to a depth of about 8 km based on the inversion of local dispersion curves obtained from these maps. The resulting models revealed the structural features of individual volcanic systems of the KGV. High velocities were observed at shallow depths beneath the large basaltic edifices of the Ushkovsky and Tolbachik volcanoes. At greater depths, while the velocity structure beneath Ushkovsky remained unchanged, we detected low velocities beneath Tolbachik. This fact illustrates the difference between dormant and active magmatic systems. Velocity anomalies of a complex shape are observed beneath the Klyuchevskoy, Kamen, and Bezymianny volcanoes, varying both laterally and with depth. Absolute velocities in vertical sections show that the edifices of these volcanoes are relatively low-velocity bodies located on a horizontal high-velocity basement. A low-velocity anomaly was discovered under the Bezymianny Volcano at a depth of 6 km, which is presumably associated with a shallow magma reservoir. An intense low-velocity anomaly was found beneath the Udina Volcano. It was interpreted as an image of a magma reservoir experiencing strong seismic unrest that began in December 2017 and continues to this day.

Translated title of the contributionСтруктура верхней коры под вулканами ключевской группы по данным шумовой томографии
Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Pages (from-to)68-82
Number of pages15
JournalRussian Geology and Geophysics
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Ambient noise tomography
  • Kamchatka
  • KISS network
  • Klyuchevskoy group of volcanoes
  • Magma reservoir
  • Seismology
  • Surface wave
  • Upper crust
  • Velocity anomaly
  • Volcanology

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.05 EARTH AND RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
  • 1.05.KY GEOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 38 GEOLOGY

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