Early medieval armor from Southern Siberia

Y. S. Hudiakov, Y. A. Filippovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article describes iron armor plates, weapons, and a horse harness from a randomly discovered site at the village of Filimonovo in the Kan Valley, southern Siberia. The reconstructed lamellar armor consists of several horizontal rows of vertically arranged and joined narrow iron plates. Parallels suggest a date and cultural attribution. The group of fi nds includes three-bladed arrowheads, stirrups, bipartite bits, buckles, twisted loops, and bronze plaques. These items of horse harness are typical of the Old Turkic culture from the middle of the fi rst millennium AD. The armor, the decorated stirrups, and horse harness from Filimonovo apparently date to the late 500s, when the Yenisei Kyrgyz were forced into vassalage to rulers of the First Turkic Khaganate. We suggest that the Filimonovo assemblage is a cache. The tradition of caching weapons and armor was practiced by various peoples of southern and western Siberia during the Xiongnu-Xianbei age and in the Early Middle Ages. Based on the analysis of various types of plates, a reconstruction of the late fi rst millennium AD Old Turkic armor is proposed.

Translated title of the contributionСредневековый панцирь из Южной Сибири
Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Pages (from-to)104-111
Number of pages8
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Early Middle Ages
  • Lamellar armor
  • Old Turks
  • Protective armor
  • Southern Siberia
  • Weapon cache
  • Yenisei Kyrgyz

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 5.09.EN CULTURAL STUDIES
  • 5.04.BF ANTHROPOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03.41 Archaeology

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