The article analyzes the role of various social institutions in the spatial development of the Ob's' North. The example of the Surgut raion of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region (Yugra) shows the influence of state regulation and social self-organization on shaping the spatial framework of human settlement. The settlement structure and transport infrastructure of the Surgut raion are treated in the article as a result of the mutual overlay of the “old-timer”, Soviet and post-Soviet models of spatial exploration. The article also explains several functions informal social institutions (such as kinship, affinal relationships, or fraternity) have over the spatial development of the North. They are significant for the reproduction of the population on the North, which is true both for indigenous minorities of the Yugra and for non-indigenous ethnic groups of the Ob' North. The ethnic networks established in informal institutions are noted to be functioning as independent actors of spatial mobilization. They facilitate the process of migration and help several generations of migrants adapt themselves to a 'new life' in locations they choose to settle in. The article also gives an idea of the 'nomadic' character not only of the autochthonous peoples of the North (the Khanty, Mansi, Nenets), but also other ethnic groups represented in the structure of inter-ethnic communities of the Ob's North. The research is empirically based on the interviews with residents of the Surgut raion of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region and the Taz Raion of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Region: Slavs, representatives of the peoples of the Volga region, the Caucasus and Central Asia, and indigenous minorities of the Extreme North (more than 40 interviews overall).The basis of the article also formed the results of previous field studies carried out by author in 1994, 2013, and 2014.
|Translated title of the contribution||Северный «номадизм»: мобильность этнических групп коренного и некоренного населения в практиках пространственного освоения Сибири (на примере Сургутского района ХМАО - Югры)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Новые исследования Тувы|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2019|
- 6.03 PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS AND RELIGION
State classification of scientific and technological information
- 02.41 Social philosophy