A saber constituting a random find from the territory of Minusinsk Hollow was studied by the authors. It was found 30 km from the city of Minusinsk, Krasnoyarsk Oblast, Russian Federation. This saber is currently deposited in a private collection. It is equipped with an acute-angled (faceted and double-edged at the tip) blade with a wide double-sided fuller and an elongated rhombic "scaphoid" guard. The heel of the blade (ricasso) is reinforced with a figured cage and a long "tongue". The saber blade under the cage and "tongue" features a special slot and notches. Two holes for rivets were punched in the "shank", which were used to fasten the "cheeks" of the handle. The rivets were fitted with massive S-shaped heads. Based on the typological analysis, it was established by the authors that the closest counterparts of the saber originate from the territory of Southern Siberia, Kazakhstan and Eastern Europe, and date back to the 13th-14th centuries. The saber discovery site and traces of oxidation on its surface (the formation of which is possibly associated with the burial rite of cremation) suggest that the owner of the saber was a wealthy Yenisei Kyrgyz warrior.
- 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY
State classification of scientific and technological information
- 03.41 Archaeology