The article examines possible identifications of 'spatial development' as a discipline, offering its interpretation and explaining its heuristic potentional by analyzing the spatial image of Tuva. It also offers a philosophy of spatial development, which is interpreted as the development of the object, including its qualitative transformation (via either complication or simplification) of its internal and external space. Analyzing Tuva from the point of view of its spatial status allows us to define it as an integral unit with its own internal structure and identity. It can be defined as a sociocultural subject, i.e. an individuated unity of the territory, population and its sociocultural character. According to the criterion of contact/non-contact spatial culture, Tuva can be seen as a 'non-contact' culture. Its shift towards greater contactness is due to a number of reasons, including demographic growth, transport and industry-related land development, transition to a sedentary lifestyle, urbanization, and the expansion of interregional and international relations. According to the criterion of local/ mainstream culture, Tuva is a local culture. It has been maintaining its cultural authenticity and focusing on cooperation with all neighboring cultures (such as Russian, Mongolian and Chinese). The interaction with these cultures did not lead to the spread of the Tuvans over vast territories. This is the sign that Tuvan culture is of a median type, which is focused on itself. The border position of Tuva between Russia and China gives reason to define it as a kind of frontier territory, or a limitrophe.
State classification of scientific and technological information
- 04 SOCIOLOGY