Петроглифы эпохи поздней бронзы на горе Унюк в Минусинской котловине

Translated title of the contribution: Late Bronze Age Petroglyphs of Unyuk Mountain, in the Minusinsk Basin

Юрий Николаевич Есин, Сергей Григорьевич Скобелев

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Abstract

This study introduces a new Southern Siberian rock art site, situated on the Unyuk Mountain in the Minusinsk Basin, and studied
in 2016–2017. Stylistically, the main petroglyphs date to the Late Bronze Age, late 2nd to early 1st millennia BC. Of special interest
are images of oxen with ropes fi xed in their noses. Such petroglyphs are rare in that region. In one case, the ox is tied to a pillar;
in the other case, a man leads it. The composition consisting of a man and an ox walking in one direction is repeated thrice. All
the known petroglyphic images of a man holding a rope attached to an ox’s nose were found on the right bank of the Yenisei. This
may be due to the cultural and economic specifi city of the southeastern, forest-steppe part of the Minusinsk Basin. At the same time,
these images may be a local variant of the composition “man walking with an ox”, which occurs mainly in more southerly areas
of the Altai-Sayan. Another rare petroglyph found on the Unyuk Mountain shows is pillar with a triple top. Its parallels, found at
other petroglyphic sites in the Minusinsk Basin, are described. They may refer either to everyday practice or to beliefs about the
dead person’s travel to the nether world.
Translated title of the contributionLate Bronze Age Petroglyphs of Unyuk Mountain, in the Minusinsk Basin
Original languageRussian
Article number7
Pages (from-to)70-80
Number of pages11
JournalАрхеология, этнография и антропология Евразии
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01.BI ARCHAEOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03.41 Archaeology

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