Определение изменения во времени концентрации пара 2,4,6-тринитротолуола при сублимации его следов с поверхности стекла

Translated title of the contribution: Determination of the time-dependent change in the vapor concentration of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene during the sublimation of its traces from the glass surface

M. I. Tivileva, V. M. Gruznov, M. N. Baldin, A. V. Kikhtenko, I. I. Naumenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The results of the measurements of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) vapor concentration over its trace amounts, called thin films, on the glass surface with a concentration of 100 ng/cm2 in a square area with a side of 1 cm over time are presented. The trace amounts of TNT on the glass were formed by applying a solution of TNT in the acetonitrile diluted with the chemically pure acetone, followed by the evaporation of the solvents. In order to measure the TNT vapor concentration, an EKHO-V-IDTS portable multicapillary gas chromatograph with preliminary TNT vapor concentration was used. A sampling of the TNT vapor above the object was carried out with a remote vortex sampler. The vapor sample was taken from a distance of 2 cm from the glass surface. The concentration in the mode of the complete capture of TNT vapors was carried out to the stainless-steel wire mesh. The vapor concentration was determined from the chromatographic peak amplitude. It was found that the concentration of vapor over the examined surface with an area of 1 cm2 decreases from 10-13 to 10-14 g/cm3 within 2.6 ± 0.3 hours. TNT vapor concentration value of 10-14 g/cm3 corresponds to the threshold concentration of TNT vapor for the modern detectors. Based on the assumption that the vapor concentration is proportional to the amount of the TNT mass on the surface for the considered trace amounts of TNT, it was estimated that the initial surface concentration of trinitrotoluene of 100 ng/cm2 on the glass surface decreases to 12 ng/cm2 within 2.6 ± 0.3 hours due to sublimation into an open half-space. It was shown that the use of vortex sampling of vapor intensifies the sublimation of TNT from the glass surface.

Translated title of the contributionDetermination of the time-dependent change in the vapor concentration of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene during the sublimation of its traces from the glass surface
Original languageRussian
Article number5
Pages (from-to)222-229
Number of pages8
JournalAnalitika i Kontrol
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.04 CHEMICAL SCIENCES

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 31.19 Analytical chemistry

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