The article provides an overview of modern theories of moral choice, analyzing the results of studying the neurobiological basics of morality using neuroimaging and neurophysiological technologies. The supposed potential contribution of various structures of the brain and the relationship of neural networks with the characteristics of moral behavior are considered. The data of neuroimaging of the process of making moral decisions are analyzed, showing that making a moral choice is followed by a specific dynamics of activation of brain structures network mainly associated with empathy, the functioning of the mental model, cognition, and emotions. No brain areas absolutely specific for solving moral dilemmas were identified, but the formation of moral competencies assumed an activation of a number of brain structures, in particular, prefrontal cortex, cingulate cortex, and amygdala.
State classification of scientific and technological information
- 15.21 General psychology