Микро-наноструктурный анализ особенностей в строении угольного вещества в зависимости от стадий его метаморфизма

Translated title of the contribution: Micro and nano structure analysis of coal substance versus coal ranks

T. A. Kiryaeva, V. N. Oparin, D. A. Yatsenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The article describes the early-stage research findings on the phenomenon of modulation of physicochemical mass exchange and gas exchange processes by low-frequency deformation waves. Particularly, the microstructure and nanostructure of coal substance are analyzed versus coal ranks using the X-ray phase analysis and mass spectrometry in the in-situ mode. Some structural characteristics of coal samples are determined quantitatively, namely: carbon lattice spacing, thickness and diameter of carbon layer, number of carbon layers subject to heating temperature and rank of a sample. The pattern of variation in the structure of coal substance before and after baking, as well as the composition of gases emitted from coal samples under heating to 800 °С are presented. The influences of a large cluster of magmatic deposits in the Altai–Sayan folded area (Gornaya Shoria and Khakassia) on metamorphism of coal-and methane substance in formation of different grade coals in the adjacent Kuznetsk Coal Basin are listed. The higher role of the temperature factor in formation of graphite as against the confining pressure in formation of coal is proved. The studies into the pore structure of coal samples made it possible to determine the volume and diameter of pores in coals of different ranks. The X-ray phase analysis shows that methane molecules cannot occupy the space between the carbon layers of the crystalline structure and mostly concentrate in the disordered areas in coal, as well as in the surface layers and on the surface of crystal grains.

Translated title of the contributionMicro and nano structure analysis of coal substance versus coal ranks
Original languageRussian
Article number1
Pages (from-to)5-23
Number of pages19
JournalMining Informational and Analytical Bulletin
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Carbon content
  • Coal porosity
  • Coal ranks
  • Coal substance
  • Langmuir equation
  • Volatile yield
  • X-ray phase analysis

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.05 EARTH AND RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 52 MINING

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