Метод литья «на пролив» в сейминско-турбинской металлообрабатывающей традиции (по материалам кротовской культуры)

Translated title of the contribution: A “through casting method in the seima-turbino metalworking tradition (on the materials of the Krotovo culture)

Vyacheslav I. Molodin, Igor A. Durakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The article presents the results of studying a “through bronze casting technology, which is characteristic of the Seima-Turbino metalworking tradition. Particularly indicative are the Krotovo culture complexes located in the forest-steppe zone of Western Siberia, where unharmed casting molds for various Seima-Turbino-type objects (celts, spearheads, daggers, etc.) were found. All these molds had a through working chamber, either open from the bottom or equipped with a slot-like air drain. This technological method had been formed in the process of using stone molds in combination with the simplest low-temperature smelting facilities. It allowed to take through special channels the air and founding gases out of the mold chamber. This reduced the likelihood of some casting defects typical for low-temperature casting: blowholes, porosity, misruns and cold laps. A reasonable assumption is made that a “through casting technology has been the earliest in the production of the Seima-Turbino objects and, probably, originated it. Its impact on the formation of some items of Seima-Turbino appearance (spears, curved daggers, etc.) is traced. The analysis of Samus’-Kizhi-rovo and late Krotovo materials enables tracing the preservation of this tradition in the subsequent period of the Western Siberia Bronze Age.

Translated title of the contributionA “through casting method in the seima-turbino metalworking tradition (on the materials of the Krotovo culture)
Original languageRussian
Article number5
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalUral'skij Istoriceskij Vestnik
Issue number1 (62)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03.41 Archaeology

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