К проблеме аутентичности фонетического анализа в связи с возможными особенностями авторской орфографии (на примере чередования окончаний -ой/-ый в лирике А.С. Пушкина)

Translated title of the contribution: On the authenticity of phonetic analysis in connection with the possible features of author's spelling (on the example of the alternation between the endings -OY/-YY in the lyrics of A.S. Pushkin)

Vladimir B. Barakhnin, Olga Yu Kozhemyakina

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the first stages of automated complex analysis of Russian poetic texts is a study of the phonetic characteristics of poetic works. Phonetic analysis of the verse includes the study of sound repetition and rhyming (their types, as well as the strophic structure of the verse, compilation of dictionaries of rhymes, etc.). It is obvious that the analysis of the phonetic characteristics of the words in the poem has to rely on the orthography of the text. However, during the work with poetic works of Russian classics of the 19th century, the researcher of the phonetic characteristics of the text unavoidably faces the problem of accounting of the changes in spelling since that time, or rather, the possible impact of these changes on the orthoepy. So, the largest spelling reform of 1918 also affected the orthoepic features of some words. The changes in spelling of some words in accordance with the Rules of Russian orthography and punctuation adopted in 1956 also affected their pronunciation in some cases. Moreover, deviations from spelling standards (applicable at the time) for the rhyme are very typical for works of Russian poets of the first half of the 19th century, and such deviations are not always taken into account even in academic editions. To demonstrate the complexity and multidimensional nature of these problems, the authors have considered only one particular but very interesting case: the use of endings of masculine adjectives in the nominative case (and also in the accusative case for inanimate noun definitions) in the singular: -oy and -yy by A.S. Pushkin. On the basis of a detailed analysis of lifetime editions of Pushkin it is shown that the variability of the endings was not rigidly fixed by Pushkin: the greatest number of the replacement of the endings we see in the works related to the Lyceum and after the Lyceum periods in accordance with the strict rules of Grammar written by his Lyceum teacher N.F. Koshansky, but in his more mature period the poet limited the choice of grammatical forms with rigid rules less, following the element of the native language. Thus, even with the orientation of the automated text analysis on lifetime editions of poets, in particular of A.S. Pushkin, if we want to get the most correct variant, we should consider editorial and proofreading correction, and also the different editions of the same work. In this case, the work of a researcher comes to the fore, a researcher who will understand these nuances upon the initial analysis of the text, and the text with these features will be presented for automated analysis. In the most detailed orthoepic analysis it is advisable to consider variants with different spelling endings as individual, taking into account the year of edition of a poem with a particular spelling (of course, for the analysis of other characteristics these variants are not separated).

Translated title of the contributionOn the authenticity of phonetic analysis in connection with the possible features of author's spelling (on the example of the alternation between the endings -OY/-YY in the lyrics of A.S. Pushkin)
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)5-28
Number of pages24
JournalVestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, Filologiya
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Author's orthography of pushkin
  • Automated analysis of poems
  • Russian grammar of the first half of 19th century

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