Catalytic steam cracking of vacuum residue in presence of dispersed catalysts based on Mo, Ni, Fe, Co, Al metals

Gleb A. Sosnin, Olesya O. Zaikina, Petr M. Eletskii, Vadim A. Yakovlev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The relevance of the research is caused by the need in developing alternative hydrogenfree technologies for processing heavy oil fe edstocks to involve the latter in oil refining and increase the depth of processing of residues (atmospheric and vacuum residues) to mi nimize yield of byproducts. The main aim of the research is to investigate catalytic steam cracking of vacuum residue of WestSiberian oil in the presence of dispersed catalysts based on various metals. Objects: catalytic steam cracking – thermocatalytic process of heavy oil feedstock upgrading in the presence of water. Methods. To assess the efficacy of catalysts based on various metals, a complex of physicochemical parameters: fractional composition of catalytic steam cracking liquid products (ASTM D7169–11), S content, H:C ratio (HCNSO analysis), density and kinematic viscosity (ASTM D7042) of liquid products, was used. Results. The authors have determined the main features of steam catalytic cracking of vacuum residue at 450 °C in the presence of di spersed catalysts based on various metals (at a metal concentration in the initial emulsion of 0,5 wt. %). It was revealed that the use of a Mobased dispersed catalyst leads to an increase of the H:C ratio (to 1,56) in liquid products comparing to steam cracking without a catalyst (1,32), also the sulfur content in liquid products decreases (by 0,22 wt. %), these facts indicate the enhancement of interaction between water and heavy feedstocks using this type of dispersed catalyst. The use of a dispersed catalyst based on iron, an increase in the yield of light fractions (29,3 wt. %) was noted, since this catalyst is characterized by high activity in oxidative cracking. The remai ning dispersed catalysts based on Ni, Al, and Co do not exceed Mo and Febased catalysts in the yield and quality of liquid products. The viscosity of liquid products is reduced by about 90 times compared with the original vacuum residue.

Translated title of the contributionКаталитический паровой крекинг гудрона в присутствии дисперсных катализаторов на основе различных металлов
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-154
Number of pages10
JournalИзвестия Томского политехнического университета. Инжиниринг георесурсов
Volume329
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Catalytic steam cracking
  • heavy oil feedstocks
  • dispersed catalyst
  • slurry-reactor
  • molybdenum
  • iron
  • HEAVY CRUDE-OIL
  • SUPERCRITICAL WATER
  • THERMAL-CRACKING
  • LIGHTER FUELS
  • HYDROCRACKING
  • AQUATHERMOLYSIS
  • BITUMEN
  • MOLYBDENUM

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 2.05 MATERIALS ENGINEERING
  • 1.07 OTHER NATURAL SCIENCES
  • 1.05 EARTH AND RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

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