Isotope-geochemical evidence of the nature of the protoliths of diamondiferous rocks of the kokchetav subduction–collision zone (Northern kazakhstan)

V. S. Shatsky, A. L. Ragozin, S. Yu Skuzovatov, O. A. Kozmenko, E. Yagoutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The isotope-geochemical features of diamondiferous metamorphic rocks of the Kokchetav subduction–collision zone (KSCZ) show that both the basement rocks and the sediments of the Kokchetav massif were their protoliths. A whole-rock Sm–Nd isochron from the diamondiferous calc-silicate, garnet–pyroxene rocks and migmatized granite-gneisses of the western block of the KSCZ yielded an age of 1116 ± 14 Ma, while an age of 1.2–1.1 Ga was obtained by U–Pb dating of zircons from the granite-gneiss basement of the Kokchetav microcontinent. Based on these data, we assume that the protoliths of the calc-silicate, garnet–pyroxene rocks and the granite-gneisses of the KSCZ were the basement rocks sharing an initially single Nd source, which was not influenced by high-to ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism (~530 Ma). Therefore, their geochemical features are probably not directly related to ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism. The corresponding rock associations lack isotope-geochemical evidence of partial melting that would occur during ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism, which suggesting that they were metamorphosed under granulite-facies conditions. At the same time, the high-alumina diamondiferous rocks of the Barchi area (garnet–kyanite–mica schists and granofelses), which were depleted to different degrees in light rare-earth elements (REE) and K, have yielded a Sm–Nd whole-rock isochron age of 507 ± 10 Ma indicating partial melting of these rocks during their exhumation stage. The close ɛNd (1100) values of the basement rocks and garnet–kyanite–mica schist with geochemical characteristics arguing against its depletion during high-pressure metamorphism indicate that the basement rocks were a crustal source for high-alumina sediments.

Translated title of the contributionИзотопно-геохимические свидетельства природы протолитов алмазоносных пород Кокчетавской субдукционно-коллизионной зоны (Северный Казахстан)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-566
Number of pages20
JournalRussian Geology and Geophysics
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Continental collision
  • Continental subduction
  • Kokchetav subduction–collision zone
  • Sm–Nd isotope data
  • UHP metamorphism

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 1.05 EARTH AND RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
  • 1.05.KY GEOLOGY

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