Alash-Orda in the Context of National Movements in Asian Russia, 1917—1920

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Abstract

The article analyzes activities of Alash-Orda — the national and political alliance (party) of the Kazakh intelligentsia in 1917—1919 in the context of national movements of aboriginal ethnoses in Asian Russia (Yakuts, Buryats, Khakasses, Tuvinians, Altaians). In the early 20th century there was a split among the national elits of the above peoples advocating alternative versions of national self-consciousness and identity oriented not only toward the Western civilization (represented by Russia), but also toward integration of peoples of Central Asia (Pan-Mongolism) or Islam. In 1917 supporters of Alash had high expectations for the regionalist movement in Siberia. At the same time they tried to implement a Western (Russo-Siberian) and Turkophilic (Pan-Islamic) versions of establishing the ethnic autonomous areas. When the Soviet rule in Siberia was overthrown in summer, 1918, the supporters of Alash Orda took practical steps to organize the autonomy. This caused a negative reaction of the Provisional Siberian Government that came to power in the region. Admiral Kolchak advocated preservation of the “single and undivided Russia”. After the defeat of his army in December, 1919 the Semipalatinsk Regional Council of Alash-Orda decided on “supporting the Soviet power by any possible means” as a guarantor of Kazakh autonomy. Article is written on the basis of the analysis of a modern istoriorafiya and the new published sources.

Translated title of the contributionАлаш-Орда в контексте национальных движений Азиатской России 1917—1920 гг.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Number of pages19
JournalIstoriya
Volume10
Issue number1 (75)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Alash-Orda
  • Cultural autonomy
  • Ethnic autonomous area
  • National
  • National movement
  • Provisional Siberian government
  • Siberian regionalism
  • national movement
  • ethnic autonomous area
  • national and cultural autonomy

OECD FOS+WOS

  • 6.01.MM HISTORY
  • 6.04 ART
  • 6.05 OTHER HUMANITIES
  • 5.04 SOCIOLOGY
  • 6.01 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

State classification of scientific and technological information

  • 03.23 History of Russia
  • 03 STORY. HISTORICAL SCIENCE

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